In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.

Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.

In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.

Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.

There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.

The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.

The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.

However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.

The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.

This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
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cademic architecture essay writing tasks would usually be performed by university students taking up undergraduate courses in architecture, architectural engineering, building services engineering, architectural technology, building design, other courses related to architecture and building design. The selection of engaging and good topics would be the first that the students would do if they were given the option of choosing their own topics for their architecture essays. If the students are having some difficulties in selecting particular topics for their architecture essays, an easy source where they could find good topics would be the general discussion of the discipline of architecture.

The general discussion of the discipline of architecture is arranged into several main headings with sub-headings under each main heading, and for the most part, each sub-heading would usually have smaller topics that are confined to a specific area of discussion. The student could either select a topic from the main heading or choose the specific areas of discussions that are under each sub-heading that would become the specific topic for his architecture essay.

Under the general discussion of architecture, the main headings and their respective sub-headings are: theory of architecture that includes historic written works on architecture and modern architectural concepts; history of architecture that includes ancient architecture, Asian architecture, Islamic architecture, Medieval architecture, Renaissance architecture, early modern and industrial age architectures, and contemporary architecture. In addition, some of the sub-headings are broken down into smaller areas from which he could select a specific topic.

A student performing regular or constant writing of architecture essays as part of his course requirements should take note that the essay structure of an architecture essay is similar to the basic structure of other academic essays, which consists of sections of the introduction, body and conclusion. Consequently, the student should follow the basic rules or steps in essay structuring that he studied and learned from the other essay writing tasks that he performed from his other academic subjects. The specific content in section of the essay on architecture would naturally be different compared to the specific content of other essays. But the style of writing the content for each section would be the same regardless of the specific subject area under the essay.

The university and college students who would research and write architecture essay should take note that some of the possible topics they would select for their architecture essays could also be applicable and relevant to use for their other academic essay writing tasks. For example, many of those students especially during their first year of studies could perform history essay writing tasks. Therefore, an example of history essays about the architecture related topics could include the architectural history, history of various architectural styles, architectural mythology, and the specific histories of the architectural styles of different civilisations.

By Marina Correa Photography: Philippe Ruault; courtesy the architects

The Giraffe Childcare Centre designed by Hondelatte Laporte Architects introduces a dollop of fantasy into the routine lives of suburban Parisian townsfolk-

Niched between a towering structure, next to a neighbourhood built in the 70s and a newly constructed area, it was imperative that the healthcare centre did not -get lost’ within the urban landscape – hence the building is composed of three tiers and each is identified by a unique concrete animal sculpture.

The facades of the building are made out of white corrugated iron that provides a minimal background to the animal sculptures.

Interestingly, each of the south-facing playgrounds is in continuity with the interior spaces; while the urban landscape is animated using a child’s imagination. The wild animal sculptures appropriate a space: a giraffe appears to be peacefully eating the leaves of the trees from the neighbouring park; a polar bear tries to clamber up the steps, while a family of ladybirds climbs the faade in an attempt to reach the interior patio.

Architecture turns into storytelling. The building changes its identity and becomes a landscape in its own right; a metaphor for the urban jungle. The animals and the trees link the building to nature and motion.

Besides infusing a playful and poetic element, this building has also been awarded a green, zero energy efficiency label, making it not just aesthetically appeasing but also one that respects its environment.

Becoming a prominent landmark for the nursery, the affable animal forms transport us to a make-believe world. When pondered upon, definitely a project that goes way beyond the surface to attribute human characteristics and ethos to the emotional, functional routine of a child daycare centre.

to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

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The Gestalt school identified several principles of use to artists and architects, but the most important is that of balance – that is, the constantly shifting balance that balances all opposites within the constantly shifting matrix of reality. Interestingly the principles of form found in the natural world are not dissimilar to the Gestalt principles that also operate in the unselfconscious human building traditions I referred to at the beginning of this article. Vernacular building traditions have evolved slowly over long periods of time and thus possess some of the coherent organic order found also in Nature. As in animal architecture, vernacular architecture possesses an inherent beauty: the beauty of integrity and unity. Such beauty emerges from the totally balanced integration of a system, its function and use into the broader realms of Nature.

So have we stumbled onto the reason why so many modern human-made environments fail to come up to the quality of some older towns and cities? At root the problem seems to lie in the spiritual posture that we adopt with Nature. Many people would now accept that as humans we are completely co-terminal with Nature. However, in claiming ownership, as we do, of that part of Nature that we call -self’, we not only separate ourselves from Nature but also separate ourselves from our own environments. Yogis tell us that the transcendental world of the spirit – the world of unity and pure consciousness – supports the relative world at each point. They tell us that the transcendental realm is a world without qualities yet gives rise to and sustains all qualities. They tell us that it is to be found in the -gap’ between the different states of consciousness: waking, dreaming and sleep; in the silences in music; between syllables in spoken language and even between our thoughts. The great 19th-century Indian holy man Ramakrishna Paramahansa was once asked, -Where do I find God?- His reply was, -Look between two thoughts.- This gap between perfectly balanced opposites is where life and spirit enter the relative world. It is also the vital middle ground between a subject and an object that defines the -mean’ and gives the meaning.

In conclusion we can say that it is order that gives life to a work and it is order that gives a work its spiritual dimension. It is in the perfect orderliness of a great work that the two worlds of materiality and spirit conjoin. Order is the agent that serves as the conduit between these two realms. Dare we say that -orderliness’ is next to -Godliness’?

Plymouth architects

Sustainability means managing the resources well without damaging the environment now or in the future. In other words sustainability also refers to ensure that our decisions today may not harm the future opportunities for future generations. Now, have you ever thought that what a sustainable architect does in terms of product, process or buildingdesign?Sustainable architecture is a term that describes environmental friendly design methods in the field of architecture.

A client can believe on sustainability but the proof and evidence can help the client to better understand the concept of sustainability. Architect Brighton offers sustainable modern architecture, design and master planning service in order to meet the needs of their clients. Their goal is to create -green’ architecture which is magnificent in terms of design, keeping in mind the sustainable lifestyle and culture. Sustainable architect is not an individualist approach rather it’s a holistic approach. These architectsare more concerned about the reuseand recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building. A well designed building will have number of issues like water and energy utilization, proper use of materials and much more. Architects can deal with the ecological aspects of constructing these buildings. These aspects are designed to increase the efficiency without being detracting from the function of the building.

Sustainable architect focuses on designing a unique set of strategies to construct or develop a building intelligently. The architects minimize the use of nonrenewable resources in the development and function of buildings. These architects must consider the material flow in the building ecosystem. Few of these have been mentioned below:

Building materials and used materials Energy usage and combustion by products Water usage and Graywater sewage Consumer goods and recyclable materials Solar radiation and wasted heat Wind and polluted air Rain and groundwater

Before constructing a building, Architect Brighton keeps in mind three important strategies i.e. energy conservation, water conservation and material conservation. Apart from this, an architect should put certain efforts to reduce the impact of a building on its local environment (e.g., current terrain, plants, wildlife).In order to attain sustainability, Sustainable architect must be well educated and professionally trained about the various environmental issues. They must be well aware of the methods and techniques of developing a sustainable design building with economical use of natural resources. If the growth would concentrate on creating the best with what already prevails, re-using or adjusting current components and communities, certainly the outcomes would be remarkable.

Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.

The converged infrastructure market finds the flexpod net app very innovative and dominant reference architecture. This data center platform from NetApp and Cisco has found appreciation from users worldwide. Many of these users choose to standardize it for mission-critical applications. This was introduced in the year 2010 and has left many impressed owing to its excellent features. The flex pod netapp scores the brownie points in terms of performance, scalability and availability. They can be found in different packages and are easy to deploy and manage. It won’t be out of context to say, they have created a buzz in the IT world worldwide. The availability of flexpodnetapp is the result of a business collaboration entered between Cisco and NetApp. Their joint efforts have been to enhance capabilities and add broader support to important applications. This is done to ensure the FlexPod is able to meet broadest possible range of IT requirements so that most business-critical applications can be run smoothly. They have been credited for supporting various types of data operating systems and virtualization of databases. Likewise, they have made efforts to address various infrastructure needs in the small and medium-sized entities. These enhancements have given the flexpodnetapp an edge in terms of higher-levels of integration. It has facilitated data centers to interconnect by offering them suitable equipment. This has, in a way, made it easy for entities to either scale up or scale out the performance. They have made storage virtualization simple which in turn has made business data management very easy. It also minimizes total cost of ownership dramatically. The technology used helps in logical demonstration of data as per requirements of virtual storage pools. In a sense, it allows you to focus on critical business applications rather than devote time on complexity of the hardware. The storage virtualization capacities come at various levels of storage hierarchy. This can be seen on all storage platforms. The network provisions are flexible and service providers can regulate flexpodnetapp depending on their needs for a specific period of time. This has given them the edge over other available options. Their biggest contribution has been its ability to provide service to more than 1000 servers. Of course, service providers interested to avail their services need to use Flex Pod in order to optimize their functioning. Flex Pod customers are proud to own one as it enables them to enjoy cloud management solutions. Its phenomenal success has prompted Cisco and NetApp to offer multiple data centre architectural designs. This has been accomplished with help of NetApp Cisco Flex pod project.

Cisco Certified Architecture is the highest level of qualifications possible within the Cisco Requirements program. It is the epitome for individuals wanting to show their official approval of Cisco technologies and facilities structure.

This famous qualification recognizes the structural expertise of program Architectures who can support the increasingly complex networks of worldwide organizations and effectively turn organization methods into major technical methods. A Cisco Certified Architecture increases the organization requirements and objectives necessary to produce a strategy for a, large-scale, complex, worldwide program. They can turn organization factors and objectives into functional requirements for a program design. In addition, Cisco Certified Architectures can clearly communicate and recommend suggested Cisco program architectures.
Requirements

There are no official training applications available for the Cisco Qualified Architecture qualifications. However, candidates wanting to accomplish their Cisco Qualified Architecture qualifications must fulfill before an in-person panel made of Cisco-appointed examination panel associates during which the candidate protects their suggested system remedy.

Exam 650-754
Exam 650-754 includes 60 concerns and the time permitted is 60 moments or 1 hour. This test 650-754 is available in only British terminology. Applicants for Exam 650-754 can sign-up for examination at any Pearson VUE middle.

The 650-754 Innovative IP Next-Generation Network (NGN) Structure System Professional (PANGNSE) examinations will determine a learner’s understanding of the Cisco IP NGN architecture and capability to map specialized alternatives to business needs. This examination is a need of the Innovative IP NGN Structure Expertise for Systems Technical engineers.
650-752 Exam Topics

The following subjects are typical recommendations for the articles likely to be involved on the examination. However, other relevant subjects may also appear on any particular distribution of the examination. To be able to better indicate the 650-752 material of the examination and for quality requirements, the recommendations below may modify at any time without observe. They include:

Describe how to create and existing Cisco IP NGN alternatives as a company situation to the customer
Describe the Cisco IP NGN architecture
Describe Cisco IP NGN conditions and advantages
Describe Cisco IP NGN alternatives and how to arrange them with client needs
Describe typical client objections
Describe the aggressive surroundings and how to place Cisco IP NGN solutions
Describe how to create and existing Cisco IP NGN alternatives as a company situation to the customer
Describe the company and specialized advantages of the Cisco IP NGN architecture
Describe the company influencers for Cisco IP NGN structure applications
Implement Cisco IP NGN structure scenarios
Jobs of the Cisco Qualified Architecture
Lead growth and advance of architecture
Analyze engineering and industry market trends
Establish with regards to principles for networks
Selection of engineering and products
Identification of company resource needs
Direct the growth of connections and understanding strategy for system architecture

Applicants seeking to use to become a Cisco Qualified Architecture must also keep an actual Cisco Qualified Design (CCDE) certification, confirming their expert level style and company level skills set.